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Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision

A simple approach with life-long benefits could prevent millions of HIV infections. It’s time to realize that potential.

Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is one of the most powerful and cost-effective HIV prevention tools at hand. Studies from 2006 showed that it reduces a man’s risk of acquiring HIV from a female partner by up to 60 percent, increasing to around 75 percent over time.

VMMC is being rolled out for HIV prevention in 14 sub-Saharan African countries with high HIV prevalence and low levels of adult male circumcision. The goal: achieve 80 percent coverage among men in these countries in order to avert 3.4 million new HIV infections and save US$16.6 billion in future healthcare costs. After years of slow progress, scale-up of VMMC is accelerating. Sustained investment and close monitoring are needed to keep things on track.

Newly available non-surgical circumcision devices could also play a role, offering an alternative to sutures and surgery that some men may prefer. Countries need to decide if and how to introduce devices, while making plans, budgets and communications campaigns to keep scale-up on track. AVAC and others are advocating for action to make sure these steps happen.

What We're Reading

The third issue of the Male Circumcision Clearinghouse’s quarterly research digest provides abstracts of articles from peer-reviewed literature on male circumcision published in the first quarter of 2016.

April 1, 2016
Clearinghouse on Male Circumcision

A study looking at data from Uganda’s 2004 and 2011 AIDS Indicator Surveys found that men undergoing voluntary medical male circumcision would increase their sexual risk-taking post circumcision. The good news is that though circumcised men had lower rates of condom use with their non-marital sexual partners, they still had significantly lower HIV prevalence than their uncircumcised counterparts.

January 6, 2016
BMC Public Health
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