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Consolidated guidelines on HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care for key populations


World Health Organization
July 2014

These consolidated guidelines are the first from the World Health Organization to address issues common to a range of key populations, as well as calling out issues specific to certain groups. These so-called key population groups are some of those most at risk of HIV infection but often least likely to have access to HIV prevention, testing and treatment services.

The populations addressed in these guidelines are people who inject drugs, people in prisons and other closed settings, sex workers, transgender people and men who have sex with men. The document includes a number of new recommendations but one that is particularly relevant for HIV prevention advocates is that pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is recommended as an additional HIV prevention choice as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention package for gay men and other men who have sex with men.