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Condoms, Male and Female

Affordable, accessible male and female condoms are fundamental to HIV prevention.

Condoms continue to be an important element of any comprehensive HIV prevention strategy. If used consistently and correctly, they can be up to 96 percent effective in protecting against sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. They are available without a prescription and can be obtained at a variety of outlets (health centers, drug stores, vending machines, doctor’s office, etc.) at little to no cost.

Although both types of condoms usually require some level of partner cooperation, the female condom may provide women with a greater degree of freedom to engage in safer sex. Since the female condom is worn by the woman and can be inserted prior to sexual activity without the male partner being aware that it is in place, women do not have to negotiate its use.

What We're Reading

Zanzibar has the lowest HIV epidemic in sub-Sahara Africa with prevalence rate at below 0.4 per cent, according to Zanzibar AIDS Commission (ZAC) data but a rising number of people belonging to the vulnerable group and key population is posing new challenges.

July 15, 2020

Regardless of practicing dual-method use or not, women faced perceived barriers against dual-method use, such as partner's objection, distrust, shyness about introducing condoms into marital relationships, and limited access to condoms. However, women practicing dual-method use had higher levels of risk perception about unintended pregnancies and HIV/STIs. They also engaged in unique behaviors, such as influencing their partners' condom use by initiating discussions, educating their partners on sexual risks and condom use, and obtaining condoms by themselves.

July 12, 2020
Int J Environ Res Public Health
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